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FAQ - Frequently Asked Questions


What are the different SAP FICO Certification exams?

Following are SAP FICO Certification exams:
 
C_TFIN22_65 - SAP Certified Application Associate - Management Accounting (CO) with SAP ERP 6.0 EHP5
C_TFIN22_66 - SAP Certified Application Associate - Management Accounting (CO) with SAP ERP 6.0 EhP6
C_TFIN22_67 - SAP Certified Application Associate - Management Accounting with SAP ERP 6.0 EhP7
C_TFIN52_65 - SAP Certified Application Associate - Financial Accounting with SAP ERP 6.0 EHP5
C_TFIN52_66 - SAP Certified Application Associate - Financial Accounting with ERP 6.0 EhP6
C_TFIN52_67 - SAP Certified Application Associate - Financial Accounting with SAP ERP 6.0 EhP7

How much does SAP FICO Certification cost?

Cost of SAP FICO certification is £700
 
You need to give 2 exams to become SAP FICO certified:
1) SAP FI (Financial Accounting) certification exam cost is £350
2) SAP CO (Management Accounting) certification exam cost is £350

How much is SAP FICO course fees?

SAP FICO course fees is £400

The fees for SAP FICO (Finance and Controlling) module is £400 in an online instructor-led course and approx. £200 for a video course. 
The course fees does not include the SAP FICO certification cost.

What are the career paths in SAP?

Following are the career paths in SAP:
 
1) Functional Consultant
2) End User
3) Support Consultant
 
So, people with domain knowledge can make a career in SAP as either:
 
FUNCTIONAL CONSULTANT
As a functional consultant you will be responsible for the following activities –
Functional consultant is expected to have knowledge about the current business process.
Functional consultant is expected to design current business flows into SAP.
Functional consultant's main task is to customize the respective business processes.
 
END USER:
As an end user you will be responsible for the following activities –
End user will be using the ERP Software implemented in the Organization.
End user's role is restricted to data entry.
End user undertakes activities like passing the JVs, entering the data related to invoices etc.
 
SUPPORT CONSULTANT:
The main job of a support consultant is to provide assistance to the customer or the organization where SAP is already implemented.
Support consultant is primarily responsible for solving the problems of end users.
Whenever a problem arises, a support consultant has to diagnose, analyze and solve the issue.

What are the different modules in SAP?

The modules in SAP can be divided into 3 major parts:
 
1) APPLICATION OR FUNCTIONAL AREA
2) TECHNICAL AREA
3) TECHNO-FUNCTIONAL AREA
 
1) APPLICATION OR FUNCTIONAL AREA
Application area deals with a specific function or an application in a specific area. 
E.g all finance functions will be dealt in FI (FINANCIAL ACCOUNTING) and all costing functions will be dealt in CO (CONTROLLING). 
The following are some of the widely used application or functional modules –
 
Financial Accounting (SAP FI)
Controlling (SAP CO)
Materials management (SAP MM)
Sales and Distribution (SAP SD)
Production Planning (SAP PP)
Plant Maintenance (SAP PM) & Customer Service (SAP CS)
Human Resources (SAP HR)
SAP SuccessFactors
 
People with respective domains will enter into the respective functional or application areas. An individual entering into an application area should have a clear understanding of the business processes in that area.
 
This area does not need any programming skills. Individuals with knowledge in the respective domain can plan a career in this area. This is the best available platform for non-technical people to enter into information technology industry.
 
2) TECHNICAL AREA
Technical modules include the following –
 
SAP ABAP
SAP BASIS
SAP BI/BO (Business Intelligence / BusinessObjects)
SAP BW
SAP HANA
 
Technical area needs people with knowledge in programming and coding. 
For e.g. ABAP (ADVANCED BUSINESS APPLICATION AND PROGRAMMING) is one of the widely used programming languages.
 
Though BASIS does not need any programming knowledge but it deals with technical administration of the system. 
Maintenance of the systems, servers, creation of user ids and passwords etc. is taken care by BASIS consultants.
BI/BO deals with new report generation and dashboard.
SAP HANA is a new database which needs people with database knowledge.
 
3) TECHNO-FUNCTIONAL AREA
Techno-functional is an area that needs people with both technical and functional knowledge. 
The following are the modules that are classified under techno-functional area –
 
SAP BPC (BUSINESS PLANNING AND CONSOLIDATION)
SAP S/4HANA FINANCE
 

What is SAP SD (Sales and Distribution)?

SAP SD (Sales and Distribution) is one of the functional modules of SAP that provides all sales related transactions such as Sales, Shipping, Delivery and Billing. SAP SD is the backbone of SAP ERP implementation.

What is the difference between SAP HCM and SAP SuccessFactors?

SAP HCM is an on-premise solution whereas SAP SuccessFactors is cloud based.
 
HCM is difficult in maintaining and slower in action whereas SuccessFactors is instant and maintenance is taken care by SAP.
 
HCM is more technical whereas SuccessFactors is more user friendly.
 
Why should we learn SAP SuccessFactors:
 
Because all companies are looking for cloud solutions and SuccessFactors is a versatile solution to cater to HR needs of an organization.

What are the benefits of SAP Training?

SAP Training can help you master the in-demand industry skills and significantly increase your chances of working with leading companies of the world.

An SAP course can turnaround your career by placing you in the elite company of top domain consultants.

SAP training courses are currently the most sought-after courses globally. By going through a comprehensive SAP course, you'll also be able to prepare for SAP certification for this module.

Doing an SAP course online can jumpstart your career in just 40 hours! Once you have got the knowledge and skills on any SAP module depending upon your domain, you will be bale to demonstrate the knowledge and skills for the interveiw. You will also be able to go for SAP certification exam which gives you an additional edge over your peers. 

An SAP consultant earns a salary of $80,000 per year going upto $300,000 per year based on the skills and experience.

What are the objectives of SAP HANA training?

Objectives of SAP HANA training course are:

-- SAP HANA basics, features, architecture and terminology involved 
-- Work on HANA Studio Modelers and gain expertise in modeling 
-- Master SAP HANA interface, client and connectivity 
-- SAP HANA administration activities like managing users, storage and security 
-- Master System Replication, data provisioning and ABAP Data flow 
-- Configuring, reporting, monitoring & dashboard creation using SAP HANA 
-- Work on real-time and complex HANA projects 
-- Writing SAP HANA queries and performance tuning 
-- Provide ability to clear SAP HANA Certification

What is SAP MDM?

MDM stands for Master Data Management. 
SAP MDM is master data management of various master data and information relating to GL master, customer master, vendor master, cost center master, profit center master, and internal order master record.

What is SAP HANA?

SAP HANA (High Performance Analytic Appliance) is an in-memory computing infrastructure combined with a revolutionary platform to perform real time analytics and for developing & deploying real time applications. It is integrated with a pre-tuned server, networking hardware and storage.

HANA includes in-memory database to store the data and analyze larger volumes of transactional data in real time, an embedded web server and a control repository for application development.

Some of the real time cases and uses of SAP HANA include:
-- Telecom Networks Monitoring and Optimization 
-- Fraud Detection and Security 
-- Forecast and Profitability Reports 
-- Retail and Supply Chain Optimization 
-- Energy Usage Monitoring and Optimization

SAP HANA Training provides an awesome opportunity to dive deep down into the world of big data and massive parallel computing.

What are the different types of SAP SuccessFactors Certifications?

There are many different types of certification in SAP SuccessFactors module. 
Students can aim for one or multiple certifications. Unlike SAP HR, SuccessFactors has got multiple certifications for different HR components.

Below is the list of official certifications on SAP SuccessFactors:
 
C_THR81_1711 - SAP Certified Application Associate - SAP SuccessFactors Employee Central Q4/2017
C_THR82_1711 - SAP Certified Application Associate - SAP SuccessFactors Performance and Goal Management Q4/2017
C_THR83_1711 - SAP Certified Application Associate - SAP SuccessFactors Recruiting Management (Core Configuration & ATS) Q4/2017
C_THR84_1711 - SAP Certified Application Associate - SAP SuccessFactors Recruiting Marketing (Career Site&Advanced Analytics) Q4/2017
C_THR85_1711 - SAP Certified Application Associate - SAP SuccessFactors Succession Management Q4/2017
C_THR86_1711 - SAP Certified Application Associate - SAP SuccessFactors Compensation Q4/2017
C_THR87_1711 - SAP Certified Application Associate - SAP SuccessFactors Variable Pay Q4/2017
C_THR88_1711 - SAP Certified Application Associate - SAP SuccessFactors Learning Management Q4/2017
C_THR89_1711 - SAP Certified Application Associate - SAP SuccessFactors Workforce Analytics & Planning Functional Consultant Q4/2017
C_THR91_1711 - SAP Certified Application Associate - SAP SuccessFactors Onboarding Q4/2017
C_THR92_1711 - SAP Certified Application Associate - SAP SuccessFactors Reporting Q4/2017
C_THR95_1711 - SAP Certified Application Associate - SAP SuccessFactors Career Development Planning Q4/2017
C_THR96_1711 - SAP Certified Application Associate - SAP SuccessFactors Workforce Analytics Technical Consultant Q4/2017

How long does it take to learn SAP?

SAP training would require a minimum of 35 to 50 hours of classroom or online lectures for each of the SAP modules. Apart from the lectures, you would need to spend atleast 5 to 6 hours per week for 3 months to practise and prepare yourself for SAP certification.

How to be SAP certified?

To get SAP certified you need to have sound knowledge of the relevant module (HANA, WM, FICO, etc.) necessary to write the SAP certification exam. Once you are ready you can book your exam by visiting SAP's official website. It will cost you appox £350 as certification exam fees. The exam is generally a set of 80 questions with time duration of 180 mins and cut-off score of 65% on average.  Start preparing yourself for SAP certification by enrolling into SAP training by Uplatz.

How much does it cost to get SAP certified?

To get SAP certified you need to write the SAP certification exam of the relevant module (MM, SD, ABAP, etc.) you want to go for, the cost of which is approx £350. The other cost you need to consider is of SAP training and certification preparation. SAP training cost depends upon whether you decide to go with classroom training, online instructor-led training, online video course, e-book, free resources, or the like. In most of the cases the SAP training cost would be in the range £500-£2k.

How to start career in SAP?

To start career in SAP you need to undergo 40-50 hours of online training in a particular SAP module such as FICO, MM, SD, etc. After training and practice on live server for 3-6 months the next step is to apply for jobs which again might take approx. 3-6 months. So you are looking for approx. 6-12 months to kickstart your SAP journey from training to getting placed.

Is it worth doing SAP training?

SAP training is much more worth that you can even think of! The amount of time, money and energy invested right from SAP training to SAP certification to finding a job is all well paid off at the end once you get a job as SAP consultant/manager as your salary will double or triple from what you might be getting now. So start you SAP journey today with SAP training and rock this world!

Which is the best job-oriented training?

The best job-oriented training is on SAP. After completion of SAP training you can start applying for jobs either as 'SAP End User' (if you started learning SAP as a fresher), or as 'SAP consultant' (if you are already working in SAP or have relevant work experience). The average salary of an SAP consultant is £75k ($100k) per year.

How is SAP training classified?

SAP training is broadly classified into technical, functional and cloud. Under each of these classifications there are different courses related to different domains and business processes. Normally an individual is involved in one domain only and hence takes up SAP training for that particular domain (finance, sales, and so on). There are 1 to 3 courses in each domain for e.g a Chartered Accountant will go for SAP training in SAP FICO (SAP Financial and Controlling) module along with S/4HANA Finance but will obviously not go for SAP training in MM (Materials Management) as this is completely different domain than accounting.

What is ABAP?

SAP ABAP or ABAP is the programming language for customizing SAP Applications. Different requirements of the SAP system are customized using ABAP.
It is the language for programming SAP Web Application Server, part of its NetWeaver platform for building business applications.

What is ABAP Dictionary?

ABAP Dictionary is the repository for working with underlying database objects in SAP. Tables and Views are the underlying database objects whereas others are user defined objects.

What is a foreign key relationship in ABAP?

To ensure the consistency of data, foreign keys are used. The relationship established between the tables and must be explicitly defined at field level. Data entered should be checked against the existing data to ensure that there is no contradiction. Cardinality has to be specified while defining foreign key relationship.
 
Requirement: Display all the purchase orders for a given vendor in the last 3 days
There are 2 issues here:
 
1) Table1->Vendor table->Check Table
 
2) Table2->Orders Table->Foreign key Table
 
Note: The Primary key field data element of Table1 (Vendorno of Vendor table) when
called in Table2 (Vendorno of Orders Table) should be the same.

What are the different types of SAP ABAP Database Tables?

The different types of Database Tables in SAP ABAP are:
 
1. Transparent tables: A transparent table has one-to-one relationship with the table in the database. Its structure corresponds to single database field.
    Ex: Customer master, Vendor master, Product master, Employee master
          
          
2. Pooled tables: A pooled table has many-to-one relationship with the table in the database. Pooled tables are stored at the database level.
Pooled tables are further classified as -
a) Basic List: For simple reports
b) Statistics: For percentage, average etc.
c) Ranked List: For analytical reports
 
3. Cluster Tables: A cluster table also has many-to-one relationship with the table in the database. The difference between the cluster and the pooled table is that Pooled tables are based on linear search mechanism and Cluster tables are based on Binary search mechanism.

What is the difference between Domain and Data Element in ABAP?

Domain: A domain specifies the technical attributes of a data element – its data type, length, possible values, and appearance on the screen. Each data element has an underlying domain. A single domain can be the basis for several data elements. Domains are objects in the ABAP Dictionary.

Data Element: A data element describes the business function of a table field. Its technical attributes are based on a domain, and its business function is described by its field labels and documentation.

What is an Aggregate Object in ABAP?

Views, Match Code and Lock Objects are called Aggregate Objects because they are aggregated from several related tables.

What is a View in ABAP? Explain different types of Views.

A View is a virtual table containing fields from one or more tables. Views do not contain any data, but instead provide an application-oriented view of one or more ABAP Dictionary tables.
 
Different types of views:
 
1) Database view: A Database view is a view for joining one or more tables to form the application object. The application object is the output of the view. The maintenance status of the database view is Read only.
 
2) Projection View: A Projection view is for a single table only. The maintenance status of the projection view is Read and Write.
 
3) Maintenance View: A Maintenance view is a view for joining multiple tables. The maintenance view is to be maintained in SM30. The maintanance status of the maintenance view is Read/Change/Delete and Insert.
 
4) Help View: A Help view is a view but the output of the help view cannot be seen. The alternative of the help view is Search Help.

What are Check Tables and Value Tables in ABAP?

Check Table: The ABAP Dictionary allows you to define relationships between tables using foreign keys. A dependent table is called a foreign key table, and the referenced table is called the check table. Each key field of the check table corresponds to a field in the foreign key table. These fields are called foreign key fields. One of the foreign key fields is designated as the check field for checking the validity of values. The key fields of the check table can serve as input help for the check field.
 
Value Table: Prior to Release 4.0, it was possible to use the value table of a domain to provide input help. This is no longer possible, primarily because unexpected results could occur if the value table had more than one key field. It was not possible to restrict the other key fields, which meant that the environment of the field was not considered, as is normal with check tables. In cases where this kind of value help was appropriate, you can reconstruct it by creating a search help for the data elements that use the domain in question, and using the value table as the selection method. Check table will be at field level checking. Value table will be at domain level checking e.g. scarr table is check table for carried.

What is the difference between Tables and Structures?

Tables are permanently stored objects in the database whereas Structures are temporary objects created at run time. The difference between a table and a structure is that the structure does not contain any data and it acts as a reference to the table. No database tables are generated from it.
 

What are Units and Currencies?

Units and Currencies are variable in nature since they change with time and country.
Product Table 
=============
ProductId Name Price       Currency       Quantity        Units
============================================================================
PROD1     Nokia       10000        INR/USD          1           NO/EA/PC
 
If the data type is CURR and QUAN then a reference tablename and field name are mandatory.
 
Fieldname  tblfldname   tablename datatype   Reftablename Reffieldname
============================================================================
PRICE      NETWR_AK     VBAK   CURR      VBAK                WAERK
 
CURRENCY   WAERK        VBAK      CUKY      
 
QUANTITY   NTGEW        MARA      QUAN      MARA        GEWEI
 
UNITS     GEWEI         MARA      UNIT

What is Search Help?

Search Help provides the context sensitive help when F4 button is clicked. It provides the possible values for the table. It is useful in report generation.
 
There are 2 types of Search Help:
 
1) Elementary search help
2) Collective search help
 
Elementary search help provides the context sensitive help when F4 button is clicked. It is from a single view point.
Collective search help is a collection of several elementary search helps.

What are the reasons for setting Lock Objects in ABAP?

The main reason for setting a lock is to ensure the consistency and data integrity in a transaction.
E.g. suppose a travel agent wants to book a flight. The customer wants to fly to a particular city with a certain airline on a certain day. The booking must only be possible if there are still free places on the flight. To avoid the possibility of overbooking, the database entry corresponding to the flight must be locked against access from other transactions. This ensures that one user can find out the number of free places, make the booking, and change the number of free places without the data being changed in the meantime by another transaction.
All the custom lock objects must be created with 'EZ' only.

What is Module Pool Programming?

A Module Pool is a collection of screens, flow logic, menu bars and ABAP code that you use to build an application. Typically the transaction code that calls the application will refer to the module pool and the initial screen number.
Dialog Programming is a special type of programming in SAP ABAP. Dialog programming is used to create custom SAP screens as per business requirement. Dialog programs are executed using Transaction Codes.

What are the requirements of a Dialog Program?

--  A user friendly user interface
--  Format and consistency checks for the data entered by the user
--  Easy correction of input errors
--  Access to data by storing it in the data bases
 
A Dialog Program consists of the following:
Screen – which contains all the screen elements like buttons, input fields and others which are placed in the layout. A layout is the location where all the screen elements are placed.
Flow logic - is the code to be written for the created layout.
Every screen has a screen number which can be anywhere from 1 to 9999 except 1000 which is the default selection screen number.

What are the components of Dynpro?

The components of Dynpro are:
 
Flow logic: Calls of the ABAP/4 modules for a screen
Screen layout: Positions of the text, fields, and push buttons and so on, for a screen
Attributes: Number of the screen, number of the subsequent screen, and others
Fields attributes: Definition of the attributes of the individual fields on a screen

What are different types of Events in a screen?

There are 4 major events or actions that exist when a screen is created by default.
 
1) PBO - Process Before Output which triggers when the screen opens
2) PAI - Process After Input which triggers when any action is to be performed like clicking on a button, triggering a check-box or a radio button or selecting a menu
 
By default, the events PBO and PAI exist.
 
But there are 2 additional events.
 
3) POV - Process on Value-request triggers when F4 button is clicked
4) POH - Process on Help request triggers when F1(Documentation) is clicked

What is GUI status?

A GUI status is a subset of the interface elements used for a certain screen. The GUI status for a transaction may be composed of the following elements:
-- Title bar
-- Menu bar
-- Application tool bar
-- Push buttons 
To create and edit GUI status and GUI title, use the Menu Painter (SE 41).

How does the interaction takes place between Dynpro (Screen) and ABAP/4 module?

-- A Transaction is a collection of screens and ABAP/4 routines controlled and executed by the dialog processor
-- The Dialog processor processes screen after screen, thereby triggering the appropriate ABAP/4 processing of each screen
-- For each screen, the system executes the flow logic that contains the corresponding ABAP/4 processing 
-- The control passes from screen flow logic to ABAP/4 code and back

How does the Dialog handles user requests?

The Dialog handles user requests through the following process:
 
-- When an action is performed, the system triggers the PROCESS AFTER INPUT event. The data passed includes field screen data entered by the user and a function code. 
-- A function code is a technical name that has been allocated in a screen Painter or Menu Painter to a menu entry, a push button, the ENTER key or a function Key of a screen. 
-- An internal work field (ok-code) in the PAI module evaluates the function code, and the appropriate action is taken.

How are the function codes handled in Flow logic?

The function codes are handled in Flow logic through the following process:
-- When the User selects a function in a transaction, the system copies the function code into a specially designated system field called SY-UCOMM.
-- This field is Global in ABAP/4 Module Pool. The F-CODE can then be evaluated in the corresponding PAI module. 
-- The function code is always passed in exactly the same way, regardless of whether it comes from a screen push button, a menu option, function key or other GUI element.

What are the 'field' and 'Chain' statements?

The FIELD and CHAIN statements allows to do your own program checks.
Chain…Endchain is used for validating the user input in the screen elements.

Why learn SAP?

Today in industry most of the work is getting automated and SAP(System Application and Product) is highly used software by the industry. All leading companies like, Reliance, TATA, HCL, Google uses SAP and prefer SAP Certified applicant over others, because of the need of practical training, hands on experience, proper commitment and dedication to learn this course.
Uplatz a UK based company, founded by Dr. Indu Khemchandani is providing a one stop solution to all the students facing the problem of time constraint and not able to follow the traditional way of Learning at a coaching center. We provide you a real time online platform where in there would be a one-to-one instructor based sessions of the course you have opted for.
 
The course classes are conducted online in a virtual classroom mode. All sessions are recorded and the recordings are shared later with the students. Besides this, depending on the course, the specific server access is provided free of cost for 3 months for practice and can be extended further on request. 
 
All learning material such as tutor notes, assignments, and presentations are given to the students. At the end of the course, a Course Completion Certificate is also provided.
 
Courses offered: -
Finance: SAP FICO, SAP S/4 HANA FINANCE, etc.
 
Sales and Marketing: SAP SD (Sales and Distribution), SAP CRM, etc.
 
IT: SAP HANA, SAP ABAP, SAP BW, and SAP BW on HANA.
 
Operations: SAP MM (Materials Management), SAP PP (Production Planning), SAP WM (Warehouse Management).
 
For more queries, you can send email to info@uplatz.com
 

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