Software TestingLearn software testing, types of software testing, software testing tools, deep-dive into manual and automated testing. Become a top software tester.
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Software Testing is the process of inspecting the quality of a product or service to provide stakeholders with a view of its success. It is a field of IT which has its huge demand in the industry, and is not industry specific.
Software testing is defined as an activity to check whether the actual results of an application or software match with the expected results and to ensure that the software system is defect free. It involves execution of a software component or system component to evaluate one or more properties of interest.
Software testing also helps to identify errors, gaps or missing requirements in contrary to the actual requirements. It can be either done manually or using automated tools. Testing is important because software bugs could be expensive or even dangerous. Software bugs can potentially cause monetary and human loss.
In essence, software testing involves evaluating a program, application, or system against its technical and business requirements, in order to determine its effectiveness. Testing can involve implementing techniques with the intent to locate software defects. With increasingly complex IT systems in place, software testing is becoming progressively more and more valued within businesses.
Types of software tests:
Unit tests - Unit tests are very low level, close to the source of your application. They consist in testing individual methods and functions of the classes, components or modules used by your software. Unit tests are in general quite cheap to automate and can be run very quickly by a continuous integration server.
Integration tests - Integration tests verify that different modules or services used by your application work well together. For example, it can be testing the interaction with the database or making sure that microservices work together as expected. These types of tests are more expensive to run as they require multiple parts of the application to be up and running.
Functional tests - Functional tests focus on the business requirements of an application. They only verify the output of an action and do not check the intermediate states of the system when performing that action.
End-to-end tests - End-to-end testing replicates a user behavior with the software in a complete application environment. It verifies that various user flows work as expected and can be as simple as loading a web page or logging in or much more complex scenarios verifying email notifications, online payments, etc. End-to-end tests are very useful, but they're expensive to perform and can be hard to maintain when they're automated.
Acceptance testing - Acceptance tests are formal tests executed to verify if a system satisfies its business requirements. They require the entire application to be up and running and focus on replicating user behaviors. But they can also go further and measure the performance of the system and reject changes if certain goals are not met.
Performance testing - Performance tests check the behaviors of the system when it is under significant load. These tests are non-functional and can have the various form to understand the reliability, stability, and availability of the platform. For instance, it can be observing response times when executing a high number of requests, or seeing how the system behaves with a significant of data.
Smoke testing - Smoke tests are basic tests that check basic functionality of the application. They are meant to be quick to execute, and their goal is to give you the assurance that the major features of your system are working as expected.
In this software testing course by Uplatz, you will learn all aspects of software testing, types of software testing (functional, unit, integration, blackbox), software testing tools, deep-dive into both manual and automated testing.
Skills required to become a successful software testing engineer are: Basic knowledge of Database/SQL, Basic knowledge of Linux commands, Knowledge and hands-on experience of a Test Management Tool, Defect Tracking tool, Automation tool, and the like.
At the end of the software testing course, Uplatz will award the Course Completion Certificate to the participants.
Course/Topic 1 - Course access through Google Drive
• Learn basic skills and Software Testing concepts.
• Basic framework of software testing, use cases, and related terminology
• Designing various test cases and understanding the techniques involved
• Testing for various configurations and managing the risk involved
• Skills needed for identifying and preventing defects
• Bugzilla test management tool
• Log defect identification
• Automation tools such as QTP and Selenium
• Life cycle of Metrics
- Basic Testing Vocabulary
- Quality Assurance versus Quality Control
- The Cost of Quality
- Software Quality Factors
- How Quality is Defined
- Why Do We Test Software?
- What is a Defect?
- The Multiple Roles of the Software Tester(People Relationships)
- Scope of Testing
- When Should Testing Occur?
- Testing Constraints
- Life Cycle Testing
- Independent Testing
- What is the QA Process?
- Levels of Testing
- The “V” Concept of Testing
- Structural versus Functional Technique Categories
- Verification versus Validation
- Static versus Dynamic Testing
- Examples of Specific Testing Techniques
- Test Planning
- Customization of the Test Process
Create the Test Plan
- Prerequisites to testing planning
- Understand the Characteristics of the Software Being Developed
- Build the Test Plan
- Write the Test Plan
- Test Cases:
- Test case Design
- Building test cases
- Test data mining
- Test execution
- Test Reporting
- Defect Management
- Test Coverage – Traceability matrix
Test Metrics – Guidelines and usage
- Guidelines for writing test reports
Test Tools used to Build Test Reports
- Software Configuration Management
- Change Management
Risks – Risk Analysis and Management with examples
User Acceptance testing – in detail explanation with details
Case Study: How to test web, stand-alone and database applications – with examples.
Help with resume and testing interview skills.
Automation Testing Basics
- Basics of automation testing – why, when and how to perform automation testing
- Factors for choosing a particular tool
- An overview of the major functional testing tools
- Overview of Test management and bug tracking tools
This Software Testing course will help the participant to master the software development lifecycle and testing concepts. As a part of this Software testing training, the participants will explore the testing methodologies.
In Software Testing Course module, the participants understand that newly established software or a service gets struck in the middle of the development phase and at this phase testing is very useful to resolve the bugs.
The Testing Developer get trained in software testing types, tools to test software and almost entire aspects of testing. The Software Testing tutorial helps the participants to fulfil the role of a Testing Developer. The Software Testing training course requires a basic understanding of database or SQL, Linux commands language.
The Testing processes make sure that the SDLC process is effective. Quality inspection and assurance is most critical part of software development, so creating a career in this growing industry involves which testing type had to be applied when. Software Testers provide assurance for a product or service to run with no errors.
Uplatz training on Software Testing ensures the participants to successfully go through the Software Testing concepts in detail and with demonstration of industry scenarios. Uplatz provides appropriate teaching and expertise training to enable the participants for implementing the learnt concepts in an enterprise.
Course Completion Certificate will be awarded by Uplatz upon the completion of the Software Testing course.
A Test Engineer draws an average salary of $86,864 per year depending on the knowledge and hands-on experience. The Test Engineer job roles are in high demand and make a promising career.
The Test Engineers have huge demand across various MNCs. The importance of testing technology in various companies can open up good job opportunities. The leading companies hire Test Engineer considering their skill of testing a software or service flawlessly. The Participants earn Software Testing training through our course completion certificate.
The Software Testing course is ideally designed for developers and those who aspire to build their career in testing field.
After pursuing Software testing course the participants can pursue a wide range of career paths.
The following are the job titles in this area:
· Software Developer
· Software Tester
· Application Tester
· Test Developer
The Software Testing course is useful for individuals who are looking forward to develop or improve their software testing skills.
1. 1. What is Software Testing?
Software testing is the act of operating a system or application under control and then assessing their results. It is intentionally simulating a problem situation in order to work out a possible remedy in case a situation like that actually happens.
2. What kind of testing should we consider?
The basic testing to consider include Blackbox testing, Integration testing, Whitebox testing, User acceptance testing, Load testing, Acceptance testing, Performance testing, and Smoke testing.
3. What is Software ‘quality’?
Quality software is software that is reasonably free from bug, is up to the requirements and/or expectations, delivered on time and according to the budget, and is easy to maintain.
4. What is ‘Software Quality Assurance’?
Software Quality Assurance also known as Software QA, encompasses the entire process of developing software: observing and improving the process, seeing that the standards and procedures agreed upon are followed, and making sure that problems are discovered and also fixed.
5. Does every software project need testers?
This solely depends on the context or size of the project, the methodology of development, risks involved, and the experience and skills of the developers. Generally, every project would need testers, except in some cases. A project that is non-trivial sized or with non-trivial risks would need a testing staff. But whereby the project is for a short term, low risk, small, and with programmers that are highly experienced that are making use of test-first development or unit testing, such project may not need a test engineer for it to do well.
6. What is verification? And what is validation?
Verifications are reviews and meetings which are intended to help evaluate documents, code, specifications, and requirements. It is usually done with checklists, walkthroughs, issues lists, and inspection meetings.
Validation, on the other hand, entails the real testing and it is done after completing the verification.
7. What is Regression testing?
This is the act of retesting a program that has been tested previously in order to be sure that there has not been any fault following the modification or that no new fault has been introduced.
8. What is a ‘test plan’? What is a ‘test case’?
A software project test plan is a document that explains the objective, approach, focus, and scope of a software testing. A test case, on the other hand, is a document that explains an action, input, or event, and a response that is expected, to help decide if an application’s feature is functioning properly.
9. Why does software have bugs?
Software has bugs for the following reasons
· Errors in programming
· Lack of communication or no communications at all
· Requirements changes
· Time pressures
10. What should you do after finding a bug?
You need to report the bug and then assign it to developers that can take care of it. When you have fixed the problem, retest the fixes, decide the requirements for regression testing in order to be sure that no more problems are eventually caused by the fixes.
11. How can you introduce new Software QA processes to an existing Organization?
This is usually determined by the organization’s size as well as the risks involved. If it is a small project or group, it may be better to use a more ad-hoc process, depending on the customer and project type. It can also be done via incremental self-managed team approaches.
12. What are 5 common problems in the software development process?
· Schedule that is unworkable
· Requirements changes
· Inadequate communication
· Insufficient testing
· Poor requirements
13. What are the 5 common software development problems solutions?
· Schedule that is practicable
· Clear communication among the project team members
· Firm requirements
· Clearness of requirements
· Sufficient testing
14. What steps are needed in developing and running software test?
· Get the requirements, functional design, and plan for the internal design, and other documents that are relevant.
· Get budget and the schedule conditions
· Decide project framework
· Recognize risks
· Decide testing approaches, process, test setting, test data
· Carry out test
· Carry out reviews and evaluations
· Sustain and keep documents up to date
15. What is the best software test estimation approach?
This is determined by the organization, the type of project, and the experience of the involved personnel. However, here are a few approaches to consider:
· Metrics-Based Approach
· Implicit Risk Approach
· Percentage-of-Development Approach
· Test Work Breakdown Approach
· Iterative Approach
16. How does a client/server environment affect testing?
Client/server applications are sometimes complex as a result of the multiple dependencies among clients, communication of data, server, and hardware, particularly multi-tier systems. Stress/load/performance testing can help to determine the capabilities and limitations of client/server application.
17. What are the attributes of a good software QA engineer?
They should be able to comprehend the whole process of software development and how it blends with the organization’s goal and the business approach. Diplomacy and patience are highly required in the early phases of QA processes implementation. For inspections and reviews to be successful, ability to identify problems and spot ‘what is missing’ is a must.
18. What information does a test strategy capture?
It captures the general approach’s explanation to be used as well as the testing styles, specific types, and techniques.
19. How can we test World Wide Web sites?
Things to consider might include:
· Testing the HTML specification, internal and external links
· Testing the server’s expected loads
· Testing the securities needed to be implemented and verified
· Performance that you should anticipate on the side of the client.
20. What is extreme programming and what has it got to do with testing?
Extreme programming otherwise known as ‘XP’ is a software development step taken by small teams working on projects that are susceptible to risk and also have requirements that are not steady. To carry out extreme testing, it is expected that the programmers should first write unit and functional test codes before the application code is written. It is also important to make the customer an important part of the project team and assist in developing scenarios that would enable you to conduct acceptance/black box testing.
21. What is ‘good code’? What is ‘good design’?
‘Good code’ is a code that works well, has no bug, can be read, and can be maintained. Good internal design signifies a software code with a clear, understandable, modifiable, and maintainable overall structure. It has to be robust with the capacity for adequate error handling and status logging and works properly when it is executed. Good functional design refers to an application with a functionality that one can trace back to the requirements of the end-user and customers.
22. How can you know when to stop testing?
The following factors determine when to stop testing:
· Deadlines such as testing deadlines, release deadlines, etc are met
· Test cases are completed with ‘pass’ in certain percentage
· Exhaustion of test budget
· Coverage of code/requirements/functionality attains a specified point
· A drop in the rate of bug below a certain level
· An end of the beta or alpha testing phase
23. What if there is not enough time for detailed testing?
· Decide where to focus the testing with the help of risk analysis
· Decide which important functionality is to be tested
· Establish the aspects of the project that are high-risk
· The kinds of test to be performed have to be prioritized
· The tests to have the best high-risk-coverage to time-required ratio have to be decided.
24. What is the main objective when reviewing a software deliverable?
To discover fault in any software work product
25. What determines the level of risk?
The level of risk is determined by the likelihood of an adverse event and the impact of the event
26. What is the benefit of test independence?
It prevents the partiality of the author in defining effective tests.
27. What is SEI? CMM? CMMI? ISO? Will it help?
They are all standards that decide effectiveness in quality software delivery. They help organizations in identifying best practices that are valuable in assisting them in increasing the maturity of their processes.
28. What is integration testing?
This is the testing carried out to be sure of the accurate operation of the components in the implementation model when combined to execute a use case.
29. What is developer testing?
Developer testing refers to the aspect of test design and implementation that the team of developers considers most appropriate to undertake.
30. What is system testing?
It is the series of tests aimed at making sure that the modified program is able to interact properly with other components of the system.